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Program to delete a new node from the middle of the singly linked listExplanationIn this program, we will create a singly linked list and delete a node from the middle of the list. To accomplish this task, we will calculate the size of the list and then divide it by 2 to get the midpoint of the list. Node temp will point to head node. We will iterate through the list till mid?point is reached. Now, the temp will point to middle node and node current will point to node previous to temp. We delete the middle node such that current's next node will point to temp's next node. Consider the above example, midpoint of the above list is 2. Iterate temp from head to midpoint. Now, temp is pointing to mid node which needs to be deleted. In this case, Node is the middle node which needs to be deleted. The node can be deleted by making node 2's next (current) to point to node 3 (temp's next node). Set temp to null. Algorithm
SolutionPython#Represent a node of the singly linked list class Node: def __init__(self,data): self.data = data; self.next = None; class DeleteMid: #Represent the head and tail of the singly linked list def __init__(self): self.head = None; self.tail = None; self.size = 0; #addNode() will add a new node to the list def addNode(self, data): #Create a new node newNode = Node(data); #Checks if the list is empty if(self.head == None): #If list is empty, both head and tail will point to new node self.head = newNode; self.tail = newNode; else: #newNode will be added after tail such that tail's next will point to newNode self.tail.next = newNode; #newNode will become new tail of the list self.tail = newNode; #Size will count the number of nodes present in the list self.size = self.size + 1; #deleteFromMid() will delete a node from the middle of the list def deleteFromMid(self): #Checks if list is empty if(self.head == None): print("List is empty"); return; else: #Store the mid position of the list count = (self.size//2) if(self.size % 2 == 0) else((self.size+1)//2); #Checks whether head is equal to tail or not, if yes then list has only one node. if( self.head != self.tail ): #Initially, temp will point to head temp = self.head; current = None; #Current will point to node previous to #If temp is pointing to node 2 then current will point to node 1. for i in range(0, count1): current = temp; temp = temp.next; if(current != None): #temp is the middle that needs to be removed. #So, current node will point to node next to temp by skipping temp. current.next = temp.next; #Delete temp temp = None; #If current points to None then, head and tail will point to node next to temp. else: self.head = self.tail = temp.next; #Delete temp temp = None; #If the list contains only one element #then it will remove it and both head and tail will point to None else: self.head = self.tail = None; self.size = self.size  1; #display() will display all the nodes present in the list def display(self): #Node current will point to head current = self.head; if(self.head == None): print("List is empty"); return; while(current != None): #Prints each node by incrementing pointer print(current.data), current = current.next; sList = DeleteMid(); #Adds data to the list sList.addNode(1); sList.addNode(2); sList.addNode(3); sList.addNode(4); #Printing original list print("Original List: "); sList.display(); while(sList.head != None): sList.deleteFromMid(); #Printing updated list print("Updated List: "); sList.display(); Output: Original List: 1 2 3 4 Updated List: 1 3 4 Updated List: 1 4 Updated List: 4 Updated List: List is empty C#include <stdio.h> //Represent a node of the singly linked list struct node{ int data; struct node *next; }; int size; //Represent the head and tail of the singly linked list struct node *head, *tail = NULL; //addNode() will add a new node to the list void addNode(int data) { //Create a new node struct node *newNode = (struct node*)malloc(sizeof(struct node)); newNode>data = data; newNode>next = NULL; //Checks if the list is empty if(head == NULL) { //If list is empty, both head and tail will point to new node head = newNode; tail = newNode; } else { //newNode will be added after tail such that tail's next will point to newNode tail>next = newNode; //newNode will become new tail of the list tail = newNode; } //Size will count the number of nodes present in the list size++; } //deleteFromMid() will delete a node from the middle of the list void deleteFromMid() { struct node *temp, *current; //Checks if list is empty if(head == NULL) { printf("List is empty \n"); return; } else { //Store the mid position of the list int count = (size % 2 == 0) ? (size/2) : ((size+1)/2); //Checks whether the head is equal to the tail or not, if yes then the list has only one node. if( head != tail ) { //Initially, temp will point to head temp = head; current = NULL; //Current will point to node previous to temp //If temp is pointing to node 2 then current will point to node 1. for(int i = 0; i < count1; i++){ current = temp; temp = temp>next; } if(current != NULL) { //temp is the middle that needs to be removed. //So, current node will point to node next to temp by skipping temp. current>next = temp>next; //Delete temp temp = NULL; } //If current points to NULL then, head and tail will point to node next to temp. else { head = tail = temp>next; //Delete temp temp = NULL; } } //If the list contains only one element //then it will remove it and both head and tail will point to NULL else { head = tail = NULL; } } size; } //display() will display all the nodes present in the list void display() { //Node current will point to head struct node *current = head; if(head == NULL) { printf("List is empty\n"); return; } while(current != NULL) { //Prints each node by incrementing pointer printf("%d ", current>data); current = current>next; } printf("\n"); } int main() { //Adds data to the list addNode(1); addNode(2); addNode(3); addNode(4); //Printing original list printf("Original List: \n"); display(); while(head != NULL) { deleteFromMid(); //Printing updated list printf("Updated List: \n"); display(); } return 0; } Output: Original List: 1 2 3 4 Updated List: 1 3 4 Updated List: 1 4 Updated List: 4 Updated List: List is empty JAVA#include <stdio.h> //Represent a node of the singly linked list struct node{ int data; struct node *next; }; int size; //Represent the head and tail of the singly linked list struct node *head, *tail = NULL; //addNode() will add a new node to the list void addNode(int data) { //Create a new node struct node *newNode = (struct node*)malloc(sizeof(struct node)); newNode>data = data; newNode>next = NULL; //Checks if the list is empty if(head == NULL) { //If list is empty, both head and tail will point to new node head = newNode; tail = newNode; } else { //newNode will be added after tail such that tail's next will point to newNode tail>next = newNode; //newNode will become new tail of the list tail = newNode; } //Size will count the number of nodes present in the list size++; } //deleteFromMid() will delete a node from the middle of the list void deleteFromMid() { struct node *temp, *current; //Checks if list is empty if(head == NULL) { printf("List is empty \n"); return; } else { //Store the mid position of the list int count = (size % 2 == 0) ? (size/2) : ((size+1)/2); //Checks whether the head is equal to the tail or not, if yes then the list has only one node. if( head != tail ) { //Initially, temp will point to head temp = head; current = NULL; //Current will point to node previous to temp //If temp is pointing to node 2 then current will point to node 1. for(int i = 0; i < count1; i++){ current = temp; temp = temp>next; } if(current != NULL) { //temp is the middle that needs to be removed. //So, current node will point to node next to temp by skipping temp. current>next = temp>next; //Delete temp temp = NULL; } //If current points to NULL then, head and tail will point to node next to temp. else { head = tail = temp>next; //Delete temp temp = NULL; } } //If the list contains only one element //then it will remove it and both head and tail will point to NULL else { head = tail = NULL; } } size; } //display() will display all the nodes present in the list void display() { //Node current will point to head struct node *current = head; if(head == NULL) { printf("List is empty\n"); return; } while(current != NULL) { //Prints each node by incrementing pointer printf("%d ", current>data); current = current>next; } printf("\n"); } int main() { //Adds data to the list addNode(1); addNode(2); addNode(3); addNode(4); //Printing original list printf("Original List: \n"); display(); while(head != NULL) { deleteFromMid(); //Printing updated list printf("Updated List: \n"); display(); } return 0; } Output: Original List: 1 2 3 4 Updated List: 1 3 4 Updated List: 1 4 Updated List: 4 Updated List: List is empty C#using System; public class CreateList { //Represent a node of the singly linked list public class Node<T>{ public T data; public Node<T> next; public Node(T value) { data = value; next = null; } } public class DeleteMid<T>{ public int size; //Represent the head and tail of the singly linked list public Node<T> head = null; public Node<T> tail = null; //addNode() will add a new node to the list public void addNode(T data) { //Create a new node Node<T> newNode = new Node<T>(data); //Checks if the list is empty if(head == null) { //If list is empty, both head and tail will point to new node head = newNode; tail = newNode; } else { //newNode will be added after tail such that tail's next will point to newNode tail.next = newNode; //newNode will become new tail of the list tail = newNode; } //Size will count the number of nodes present in the list size++; } //deleteFromMid() will delete a node from the middle of the list public void deleteFromMid() { Node<T> temp, current; //Checks if list is empty if(head == null) { Console.WriteLine("List is empty"); return; } else { //Store the mid position of the list int count = (size % 2 == 0) ? (size/2) : ((size+1)/2); //Checks whether the head is equal to the tail or not, if yes then the list has only one node. if( head != tail ) { //Initially, temp will point to head temp = head; current = null; //Current will point to node previous to temp //If temp is pointing to node 2 then current will point to node 1. for(int i = 0; i < count1; i++){ current = temp; temp = temp.next; } if(current != null) { //temp is the middle that needs to be removed. //So, current node will point to node next to temp by skipping temp. current.next = temp.next; //Delete temp temp = null; } //If current points to null then, head and tail will point to node next to temp. else { head = tail = temp.next; //Delete temp temp = null; } } //If the list contains only one element //then it will remove it and both head and tail will point to null else { head = tail = null; } } size; } //display() will display all the nodes present in the list public void display() { //Node current will point to head Node<T> current = head; if(head == null) { Console.WriteLine("List is empty"); return; } while(current != null) { //Prints each node by incrementing pointer Console.Write(current.data + " "); current = current.next; } Console.WriteLine(); } } public static void Main() { DeleteMid<int> sList = new DeleteMid<int>(); //Adds data to the list sList.addNode(1); sList.addNode(2); sList.addNode(3); sList.addNode(4); //Printing original list Console.WriteLine("Original List: "); sList.display(); while(sList.head != null) { sList.deleteFromMid(); //Printing updated list Console.WriteLine("Updated List: "); sList.display(); } } } Output: Original List: 1 2 3 4 Updated List: 1 3 4 Updated List: 1 4 Updated List: 4 Updated List: List is empty PHP<!DOCTYPE html> <html> <body> <?php //Represent a node of singly linked list class Node{ public $data; public $next; function __construct($data){ $this>data = $data; $this>next = NULL; } } class DeleteMid{ //Represent the head and tail of the singly linked list public $head; public $tail; function __construct(){ $this>head = NULL; $this>tail = NULL; $this>size = 0; } //addNode() will add a new node to the list function addNode($data) { //Create a new node $newNode = new Node($data); //Checks if the list is empty if($this>head == null) { //If list is empty, both head and tail will point to new node $this>head = $newNode; $this>tail = $newNode; } else { //newNode will be added after tail such that tail's next will point to newNode $this>tail>next = $newNode; //newNode will become new tail of the list $this>tail = $newNode; } //Size will count the number of nodes present in the list $this>size++; } //deleteFromMid() will delete a node from the middle of the list function deleteFromMid() { //Checks if list is empty if($this>head == null) { print("List is empty <br>"); return; } else { //Store the mid position of the list $count = ($this>size % 2 == 0) ? ($this>size/2) : (($this>size+1)/2); //Checks whether head is equal to tail or not, if yes then list has only one node. if( $this>head != $this>tail ) { //Initially, temp will point to head $temp = $this>head; $current = null; //Current will point to node previous to temp //If temp is pointing to node 2 then current will point to node 1. for($i = 0; $i < $count1; $i++){ $current = $temp; $temp = $temp>next; } if($current != null) { //temp is the middle that needs to be removed. //So, current node will point to node next to temp by skipping temp. $current>next = $temp>next; //Delete temp $temp = null; } //If current points to null then, head and tail will point to node next to temp. else { $this>head = $this>tail = $temp>next; //Delete temp $temp = null; } } //If the list contains only one element //then it will remove it and both head and tail will point to null else { $this>head = $this>tail = null; } } $this>size; } //display() will display all the nodes present in the list function display() { //Node current will point to head $current = $this>head; if($this>head == NULL) { print("List is empty <br>"); return; } while($current != NULL) { //Prints each node by incrementing pointer print($current>data . " "); $current = $current>next; } print("<br>"); } } $sList = new DeleteMid(); //Adds data to the list $sList>addNode(1); $sList>addNode(2); $sList>addNode(3); $sList>addNode(4); //Printing original list print("Original List: <br>"); $sList>display(); while($sList>head != null) { $sList>deleteFromMid(); //Printing updated list print("Updated List: <br>"); $sList>display(); } ?> </body> </html> Output: Original List: 1 2 3 4 Updated List: 1 3 4 Updated List: 1 4 Updated List: 4 Updated List: List is empty
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